Digitalising the society and the economy calls for the digitalisation of all sectors and all industries. Companies seeking success in a global world must make digitalisation a fundamental part of their value chains and a cornerstone on which their competitive advantage is based.
However, technology by itself is not enough, and must come hand in hand with changes in the organisation, in human capital and talent.
This indicator stems from executive opinion polls carried out by the International Monetary Forum during 2014 and 2015 and measure on a 1 (low) -7 (high) scale ) the availability of the latest technologies in a country.
Our country has obtained a score of 5.52, ranking 28th out of 39, ahead of Italy (5.10) but far from the leading countries: Finland (6.60), United States (6.54) and Norway (6.51).
Spain occupies fairly modest positions in terms of adoption of new technologies in general, particularly at a business level. In this indicator, which is measured as the previous one on a scale from 1 to 7, Spain has obtained a score of 4.90, which places it in the 30th position in a ranking of 39 countries. This means it is 0.53 points below the OECD average; 0.85 if we compare ourselves to the average for digital countries in the EU (Sweden, Norway, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Ireland, Estonia, Belgium, Denmark and Finland).
In this World Economic Forum indicator, like the previous ones, based on polls and measured on a 1-7scale, our country has obtained the meagre score of 4.45 points. This is 1 whole point below the average for the leading digital countries in the EU and 0.48 points below the EU average. The leader in this indicator is the United Kingdom with 5.77 points.
This is an OECD indicator that measures the percentage of companies that use some type of Enterprise resource planning software (ERP). In this regard, Spain has achieved its best ranking in this segment, with 45.97% of companies using ERPs. This places us in 4th place on a worldwide level, ahead of both OECD averages (32.08%) and that of the EU digital leaders (37.58%), only behind Lithuania (46.69%), Netherlands (47,99%) and Belgium (53.97%).
In this indicator, also related to the use by companies of new technologies, by contrast, our country falls behind again: only 23.54% of the companies use cloud services, which places us in 13th position out of 32, according to the OECD, although we are ahead of Germany (16.26%) and France (17.11%), but below the OECD average (27.60%). The leader in this ranking is Finland with 65.64%.
Only 8.29% of Spanish companies are making the most of the potential of Big Data, according to the OECD. This is 2.66 points below the average for the states that form part of this organisation, and 5.68 points below the average for EU digital leaders. The leader in this ranking is the Netherlands, with 19.07% of companies performing Big Data analysis.
This reverse indicator measures the percentage of companies who are facing serious difficulties when attempting to fill ICT job vacancies. In Spain this accounts for 2.16% of companies, well below the OECD average (3.92%), which is positive in this instance. We rank 7th in a list of 25 countries, with Norway at the head with only 1.24% of companies with a declared problem.
Only 17% of Spanish companies consider it is difficult to fill ICT job vacancies, well below the OECD average (45.96%) or that of EU digital leaders (51.44%). This is the only indicator in this group where Spain occupies first place in the ranking. This may be due to the fact that the ecosystem in Spain is still beginning and, therefore, there are few companies in search of this type of profile, as well as due to the existence of a larger pool of available talent as a result of the economic crisis. In this indicator, our country is followed by Greece (28%).