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INFRASTRUCTURES AND USE

DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURES

Spain has an appropriate level of communication infrastructures to enable its digital evolution compared to other countries. Its fibre optic penetration, peak access speed and network quality are some of its noted features.

In terms of 4G mobile coverage it ranks a little lower, but this technology penetrates more in Spain than in other European powers like Germany, France or Italy. The broadband coverage is not as evolved as in other countries. However, according to reports, other technologies like fibre optic, are being greatly supported. Overall, the quality of the communication networks is good and they are growing at a strong pace.

BROADBAND COVERAGE

The percentage of households covered by Broadband.

In Spain this is 62.7%. According to the Contents of Economy and Digital Society (DESI), our country ranks 19th out of 26 countries in the European Commission report. This means that there are still rural areas not connected to this telecommunications infrastructure.

4G COVERAGE

4G coverage refers to the percentage of households covered by this technology over the total number of households.

Spain ranks 20th out of 26 according to DESI, ahead of Germany, France and Italy.

NGA COVERAGE

Next generation access networks or NGAs are those that provide speeds above 30 Mbps.

In Spain the percentage of households with this type of network places it in the 12th position out of the 26 countries in the DESI report. It is ahead of France and Italy and at the same level as Germany, Belgium and the UK.

FIBRE COVERAGE

The fibre coverage determines the percentage of households with fibre optic cabling connection directly to the final home.

According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Japan is the leader in these infrastructures and Spain places at 7th out of 34 countries in the report, ahead of three out of the four leading countries in the EU (Germany, France and Italy).

INTERNET SPEED

The Internet peak speed reflects, somewhat, the importance given by each country to the development of their networks: the larger fibre penetration, the greater the NGA coverage and speeds.

Spain occupies a renowned position in terms of peak speed (10 out of 39, ahead and at a significant distance from the rest of the principal European countries) and it occupies a more intermediate position in terms of average speeds.

NON-DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURES

In order to expand its digitalisation, Spain needs, in addition to suitable telecommunication networks, good physical infrastructures (transport, energy, logistics, etc.). These physical facilities affect both the effective operation of the economy and specific factors of the digital market, dictating anything from where the economic activity is carried out to the sectors that can be developed.

In order to measure these aspects, the quality of the transport infrastructures in Spain and its logistic capacities have been analysed. The level of development of these indicators has therefore been compared to the one of other countries.

TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE QUALITY

This index measures the performance of the countries throughout the logistic supply chain, from the operations of customs and transport infrastructures to the quality of the dispatches.

Spain ranks fourth in Europe and seventh worldwide – out of 39 digitalised countries – according to the ‘Global Competitiveness Report’ of the World Economic Forum.

LOGISTIC PERFORMANCE INDEX

The ‘Logistics Performance Index’ measures the countries logistic capacities in areas like ports, freight transports by road or railway, etc.

The World Bank places Spain at 19th position out of 39, having identified Germany as the greatest logistic potential country.

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